Madhya Pradesh is the India's largest state and is located in the heart of the country. It is also famous for the fact that nature over here is at its lavish best. This land is a plateau with Satpura and Vindhya Ranges which give a welcoming break to the otherwise flat terrain. The Sone, Chambal and Betwa running from west to east and The Tapti and Narmada Rivers flowing from east to west, arise from these mountains.
Madhya Pradesh is also blessed with a rich history since it was a home to Tansen, the jewel musician of Akbar's court and Kalidas, the great Sanskrit poet. This state also has national parks like Bandhavgarh, Kanha, Madhav etc which house a large population of animals especially tigers. Also, the remains of historical monuments belonging to rulers such as the Shungas, Parmas, Ashoka, Vikramaditya, Chandragupta, Raja Bhoj, Harsha, The Delhi Sultans, The Chandelas and the Mughal, can be found in the state.
Geographical Location: Madhya Pradesh situated in the centre of India, is surrounded by Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in the south, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in the north, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh in the east and Gujarat in the west
The most famous Sanchi stupa was built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, then governor of Ujjain. Bhojpur, in the same district is famous for its incomplete but marvelous Shiva temple, built by legendary Parmar King of Dhar, Raja Bhoj (1010-53).Khajuraho in Chhatarpur district is renowned the world over for its unique temples. Built by Chandela rulers from 950-1050 A.D., in a truly inspired burst of creativity these temples are a unique gift to the world. Orchha in Tikamgarh district is a medieval legacy in stone built by Bundela rulers in the 16th and 17th centuries. This land is hallowed by the memories of the great warrior Chhatrasal who illumined the pages of history by his heroic deeds.Madhya Pradesh has a number of important pilgrimage centres. While Ujjain and Omkareshwar have special significance due to Shrines having two of the twelve jyotirlingas, Maheshwar, Mandleshwar, Amarkantak, Hoshangabad are also important in their own rights. Madhya Pradesh has produced great men and women who are held in high esteem due to their great deeds. India's immortal poet-dramatist Kalidas belonged to Ujjain and great musician Tansen to Gwalior. Bravery of great women like Durgawati, Avantibai, Kamlapati and Devi Ahilya Bai is inscribed in golden letters in history.In the freedom struggle, many movements were successfully launched in Madhya Pradesh coinciding with the Non-Cooperation Movement and Quit India Movement. Flag Satyagraha of Jabalpur in 1923, Salt Satyagraha of 1930 in Jabalpur and Jangle Satyagraha started by tribals are the notable movements. Almost all parts of the state were active in freedom struggle, though at different times.
Evidences of earliest human settlements have been found in Bhimbethika and other places of Raisen district. Over 600 rock shelters have been discovered in Bhimbethika. About 500 caves have rock paintings, which depict the life of pre-historic cave-dwellers. Sanchi in Raisen district is a world renowned Buddhist centre known for its stupas, monuments, temples and pillars dating from 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D.