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Directorate of Field Publicity  Thiruvananthapuram  

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Thiruvananthapuram at a Glance
           Endowed with pristine scenic beauty, Kerala, the land of kerala or coconut, lies in the south western part of the Indian peninsula, bounded by the mountains of the Western Ghats in the east and the Arabian Sea in the west. The state extends between north latitudes 8degree 18' and 12degree 48' and east longitudes 74degree 52' and 72degree 22', and covers 1.18 per cent of the country.

            Kerala has three distinct topographical regions namely, hills and valleys of Western Ghats, midlands and the coastal region. The Western Ghats form an almost continuous mountain barrier in the east, except for a natural mountain pass near Palakkad called the Palakkad Gap. The average elevation of the Ghats is about 1500 meters above sea level, with a few peaks occasionally soaring to 2000 to 2500 m. Forty one of the forty four rivers in the state originate from the Western Ghats and flow westwards into the Arabian Sea. Only three tributaries of the river Cauvery flow east into the neighbouring States. From the Ghats, the land slopes to the west on to the plains towards the coastre wide. Paddy fields cover the valleys while estates of rubber, fruit trees and cash crops like pepper, cover the elevated lands and hill slopes. Tea and coffee estates have been developed in the high ranges.

            The Coastal Belt strip is comparatively plain. Extensive paddy fields, thick groves of coconut trees and picturesque backwaters, interconnected with canals and rivers, are the salient features of this region.


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