Directorate of Field Publicity  Lucknow 

Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

Physical Profile

             Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) is often described as the “Hindi speaking heartland of India”. The State has a population of 16.61 crore as per 2001 census and a geographical area of 2.41 lakhs sq. kms. Its share in the total area of the country is 7.3 percent, while its share in the countries population is 16.2 percent. Nearly 80 percent population of U.P. resides in rural areas spread over 97942 inhabited villages.The State is now organized into 71 districts, 311 tehsils and 820 development blocks.It is divided into 4 economic regions viz. Western region, Central region, Eastern region and Bundelkhand region. The first three regions fall in the Ganetic plains, while Bundelkand forms a part of the plateau region.
             Land is the single most important resource of the State. However per capita availability of land has been declining .The average size of the land holding in the State is less than one hectare.The predominance of small land holdings constitutes a major obstacles in the development of capital formation and growth in agriculture in the State.

              

                                                                       Social Profile

          Uttar Pradesh has been the cradle of Indian civilization. Since time immemorial people belonging to diverse ethnic, religious and social groups have been coming to this region and settling here. According to the 2001 Census, 80.6 per cent of the State population is Hindu. Muslims form 18.5 per cent of the population.The remaining 0.9 per cent of population consists of other religious minorities like Sikhs, Boudhs, Jains and Christians. Scheduled castes formed 21.15 per cent of the State’s population. The proportion of Scheduled tribes residing in the State is negligible at 0.06 per cent.

The socio-economic status of Muslims, other backward classes and scheduled castes is much lower as compared to that of the higher castes.The high proportion of population belonging to the socially and economically depresses sections has  profound implications for the policy and the status of human development in the State.

Human Development Status

1. Literacy rate in U.P. (56.3 percent)is very low when compared with States like Kerala (90.9percent), Goa ( 82.0 percent), Himachal Pradesh (76.5percent) and Tamil Nadu (73.5 percent). The ranking ofUttar Pradesh in terms of literacy is 31 in 2001 among a total of 35 States and UTs.1. Literacy rate in U.P. (56.3 percent)is very low when compared with States like Kerala (90.9percent), Goa ( 82.0 percent), Himachal Pradesh (76.5percent) and Tamil Nadu (73.5 percent). The ranking ofUttar Pradesh in terms of literacy is 31 in 2001 among a total of 35 States and UTs.

2. The State has a maternal mortality rate of 440 per lakh mothers and infant mortal rate of 67 per thousand live birth (as per data for the year 2008)

3. Life expectancy in U.P. during the period 2001-05 was 60.1years for males and 59.3 years for females, while the corresponding figures were 71.3 and 76.3 years respectively in Kerala, the best performing State in this respect.

4. The sex ratio, an important demographic and social indicator, was 898 in 2001, significantly below the national level of 933. In terms of sex ratio, U.P.’s rank among all States and UTs was 27th.


Sources:

* Registrar General, India, Census of India

**Registrar General, India, Sample Registration System. Oct 07

                                                  Tourist Places of UP

         Uttar Pradesh is known for ages for its rich culture and tradition. It is home to Ayodhya & Mathura birth places of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna respectively. Uttar Pradesh attracts a large number of both national and international tourists. Taj Mahal, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in Agra is also in Uttar Pradesh. umber of both national and international tourists. Taj Mahal, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in Agra is also in Uttar Pradesh.

             

 

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