Directorate of Field Publicity  Kolkata  

             

West Bengal at a Glance
             West Bengal is located at the centre of the Eastern Region of India. It is the nation's fourth most populous state. The state of West Bengal borders the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Sikkim and Assam and is strategically positioned with three international frontiers Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. It stretches for about 700 km, from the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal in the South to the Himalayan terrain in the North. Being such an important region of the Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided in 1947 into two separate entities: West Bengal — a state of India — and East Bengal, which initially joined the new nation of Pakistan, before becoming part of modern-day Bangladesh in 1971. Agriculture is the main economic activity in the state.

       



 Bengalis have led India in many fronts. If Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the most prominent freedom fighters from Bengal in the Indian independence, philosophers and social reformers such as Arabindo, Swami Vivekananda, and Raja Rammohan Roy have influenced Indian thoughts and ways of life. Bengali geniuses have enriched Indian literature, science and arts. It is Rabindranath Tagore’s sonar bangla which is the epitome of India's values and heritage. West Bengal has a long tradition in folk literature, evidenced by the Charyapada, Mangalkavya, and Shreekrishna Kirtana. In the nineteenth and twentieth century, Bengali literature was modernized in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Jibanananda Das and Manik Bandyopadhyay.

         West Bengal celebrates all religious and cultural festivals with great spirit. The state has all the diversities of nature and the widest variety of attractions which is a tourist’s dream. From the bustling and modern city such as the Kolkata mega polis which is the state capital, to the regions of serenity such as the Himalayan terrain in the north to the wild life of Sunderbans in the south, the state is endowed with all the diversities of nature.



    Importance of Sunderban Ecosystem

 Sundarban has extremely rich diversity of aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna. Sundarban's highly productive ecosystem acts as a natural fish nursery. Sundarban Mangrove reduces the fury of cyclonic storm and prevents erosion due to tidal action. Finally, millions of people depend on Sundarban Ecosystem for their livelihood and sustenance through fishing, collection of honey and fuel wood/timber. Geologically, the Sundarban delta is the largest delta on the globe. The region is covered solely by quaternary sediments carried and deposited by the rivers Ganges , Matla & Bidyadhari. Although the region is situated south of the Tropic of Cancer, the temperature is equable due to its proximity to the sea. Average annual maximum temperature is around 35 C . Average annual rainfall is 1920 mm. Average humidity is about 82% which is more or less uniform throughout the year. Sundarban is the only mangrove forest in the world which is the home of Tigers. Sundarban Tiger Reserve has the highest tiger population in the world.


 

Highlights
 
Field Publicity Unit, Bardhaman organised two health and family welfare campaign while Chuchura unit organised one health campaign during the month of February. All the field units in this region organised routine programmes and highlighted the theme on Swachhta Pakhwada and Pulse Polio Immunization. Themes like PMJDY, PM Jiban Suraksha Yojana etc. were highlighted during programmesof field units. Bardhaman unit also actively involved in ‘Sansand Mela’ organised by Honb’leUnion Minister,Shri Babul Supriya
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